Issue 4 Volume 9 (2021)

Resin-Based Sealants vs. Glass Ionomer Sealants: A Systematic Review to Determine the Clinical Efficacy and Longevity
Written by Khaled Hassan Alfakhri   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Resin-based sealants and glass-ionomer-based sealants have emerged as the two sealants that can be relied upon to prevent dental caries. Resin-based sealants have been considered the most effective when it comes to the prevention of occlusal carious lesions. Despite this consideration, the literature highlights that these sealants are characterized by hydrophobic properties that necessitate a “near-total moisture control,” an aspect that limits the clinical application of Resin-based
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In Vitro, Influence of In-Office Dental Whitening on the Color of Teeth Treated with Resin Infiltration
Written by Basil Almutairi   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
This investigation aims to evaluate the outcome of In-Office bleaching on the color of teeth treated with ICON resin infiltration. From extracted human premolar teeth, enamel-dentin specimens were prepared and randomly arranged into four groups of 10 teeth each (N = 40). In-office bleaching was performed after completing the discoloration process for Group 1 (Control) and Group 4. The same bleaching process was applied after resin infiltration treatment fo
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Cell Culture and Microscopy as Research Aids in Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
Written by Teena Sheethal Dsouza   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
A plethora of dental materials and types of equipment are being invented and manufactured in the sector of dentistry on a swift move. The onus is on the dental professionals before the implementation of these materials and devices for safer use. When compared to other dental fields, the sector of conservative dentistry and endodontics has overtaken the improvements in the subject due to the quick development of many materials and techniques. The field has progressed, although extrapolation of re
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Orthodontic Clear Aligner Vs Fixed Appliances’ Influence on Oral Microbiota and Salivary Parameters’: A Systematic Review
Written by Nancy Ajwa   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
The goal of the present revision is to systematically investigate the background and statistically summarize the found evidence investigating the impact of thermoplastic clear aligners as well as fixed orthodontic appliances on oral microbiota and salivary parameters. The present systematic study was done according to PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook. Five Electronic databases were used to search for relevant articles. A total of 5345 articles were relevant to this topic. Duplicates w
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An Overview on Corticotomy for Orthodontic Tooth Movement
Written by Reyouf Ibrahim Alzumea   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Orthodontics and bone remodeling have evolved to match modern aesthetic and therapeutic demands during the last decades. Different techniques were adopted and studied for 100 years involving invasive surgical and non-surgical procedures have been performed, but serious difficulties might appear in various situations and this might progress into undesirable postherpetic results. Various handpieces and surgical devices including burs, piezoelectric apparatus, hard blades, perforators, hammers, dis
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Mechanical Properties, Occlusal Fit and Success of CAD/CAM Designed Ceramic Endocrowns: A Systematic Review
Written by Badr Soliman Alhussain   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Today, end crowns are broadly used as alternatives to the traditional fixed partial and post-core dentures. Mechanically, a conventional endodontic fabricated cavity has minimal fractural resistance to a given tooth. On the other hand, ceramic endocrowns’ thickness of the occlusal portion is usually between three and seven millimeters. Empirical studies have demonstrated that the fracture resistance of ceramic endocrowns intensifies when occlusal thickness increases. This systematic review
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Inlay Retained Fixed Dental Prosthesis and an Endocrown- A Minimally Invasive Approach
Written by Mayank Kumar Parakh   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Missing teeth is an extremely common clinical encounter that dentists come across. Various treatment options exist for such a situation including fixed partial dentures and dental implants. In a single missing tooth scenario, dental implants are often the most lucrative and sought-after treatment. These options are invasive and sacrifice a lot of tooth structure. But, in certain situations such as a financial constraint of the patient alternate treatment options are sought. In these situations,
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Public Awareness of Sun Exposure Harmful Effects and Photoprotection Practice
Written by Azizah Fahad Bin Mubayrik   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
The damaging effects of sun exposure on the skin have been known for a long time. Identifying a lack of understanding, as well as the damaging effects of ultraviolet light, can help move the focus away from irreparable damage and toward prevention. This study aimed to evaluate public awareness and practice regarding ultraviolet radiation's (UVR) harmful effects. An online structured questionnaire was constructed included demographic data, protection practice, and awareness. A total of 708 qu
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Morphological Variations in Mandibular Anterior: Case Studies
Written by Beenish Parvez   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Endodontic treatment mainly aims at chemomechanical debriding and filling the root canal space three-dimensionally. Post-treatment complications may arise due to failure to detect all the root canals. Teeth identified as having a single root canal are considered uncomplicated to treat. Literature reports suggest several variations in internal and external root canal anatomies. The case studies present cases of mandibular anterior with two canals and with different canal morphologies. Radiographs
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Optimization of Prosthetic Treatment of Patients with Dental Tissue Using Metal-Free Restorations
Written by Evgeny Urusov   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Both ceramics and metal are widely used as a material of choice for dental tissue restoration. However, metal-free ones provide higher aesthetic and adaptive performance. In addition, it was studied out that last years have comprehended a dramatic upsurge in the patients' non-metallic materials demand, occasionally induced by metal-phobia or alleged allergies. The research aims to improve the effectiveness of treatment of patients with defects using ceramic restorations in hard dental tissue
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Colour Stability of Maxillofacial Silicone Materials after Disinfection and Aging Procedures; A Systematic Review
Written by Suji Daivasigamani   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
Maxillofacial prosthesis should restore the appearance to near normal so that the affected person should have a normal mental status as well as quality of life. The longevity of any kind of maxillofacial silicone prosthesis is determined by its color and mechanical properties. To systematically assess the current published literature on the stability of  color of maxillofacial silicone materials after 10 minutes of disinfection and aging, a literature search on PubMed and Google Scholar was
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Role of Surface Geometry of Dental Implants on Osseointegration-Revisited
Written by Vidyalakshmi Sekar   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
The success of a dental implant depends on the rate and quality of osseointegration. The surface geometry of dental implants is a very important factor for osseointegration, which means stimulation of osteoblast cells to form bone on implants of the dental surface. The morphology surface and chemistry are the two important factors that determine the osseointegration of dental implants. They are made of different materials like Titanium, PEEK, and Zirconia. There are many addition and subtraction
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Association Between Personality Type and Academic Achievement in Undergraduate Dental Students in King Abdulaziz University
Written by Hana Jamjoom   Published On Issue 4 Vol 9, 2021
The understanding of an individual’s personality type is important for better communication and to improve personal performances. The goal of this study is to evaluate the distribution of personality types amongst dental students and to study the relationship between academic achievement and personality type. This is a cross-sectional study with a total of 251 dental students at King Abdulaziz University, Dental college in Jeddah. Using validated DiSC assessment questionnaire, data was col
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Issue 4 Volume 12 - 2024