Prevalence of Pulp Stones and its Relation with Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes Mellitus Using Digital Radiographs: A Retrospective Study
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of digital radiographs in detecting the association between pulp stones and the symptoms of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Additionally, this study aimed to determine the pervasiveness of pulp stones with independent variables, such as age, gender, and tooth type using digital radiographs.
Methodology: A total of 1030 patients from a university clinic participated in the study. The selection and recruitment of the case extended from 2016 to 2018. Patients were categorized into two groups: medically fit patients and medically compromised patients, who were subjected to intraoral X-ray examination. Radiographs were collected and examined for the presence and absence of pulp stones.
Results: The results showed that 86.25% of pulp stones were significantly associated with CVD and DM. By implication, 87.79% of participants aged 46-60 years were prone to developing pulp stone. There was a significant difference in pulp stone development between male and female patients.
Conclusion: The outcome showed a significant relationship between pulp stones and older age. The prevalence of pulp stones is significantly higher among patients with systemic diseases, especially in a cardiac and diabetic population.