2020 Volume 8 Issue 4
Creative Commons License

An Overview On The Effect Of Cigarettes Smoking On Gingivae

Omar S. Alkhudhayri, Ahmed J. Hejres, Sakhaa G. Bin-Huraib, Sadeem M. Abdullah, Lujain S. Al-Adalah, Alaa G. Bin-Huraib, Abeer S. Alsaggabi, Arwa A. Alhamed, Aeshah H. Abduljabar, Hassan A. Alshehri, Hussain H. Alghafly, Lama M. Alzain

Background: Diseases affecting the periodontal tissues (e.g. gingival tissue) contribute to a spectrum of multifaceted pathological entities that present with countless clinical features. Local and systemic factors contribute greatly to the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Objectives: The importance of smoking in the development of the periodontal disease, specifically gingival disease.

Methodology: We conducted the literature search within the PubMed database using the keywords: “periodontal disease” and “smoking” and “periodontitis” and “gingivitis” and “nicotine” with dates from 1990 to 2020.

Review: Smoking has been shown to adversely affect all types of periodontal therapy. Additionally, almost all (90%) of cases with refractory periodontitis are from patients who smoke. Many studies have indicated a great reduction in probing depths and bleeding on probing in nonsmokers, compared to smokers.

Conclusion: Dentists are the safety gate and need to be vigilant about the adverse effects of smoking on the health and need to identify potential patients and offer prompt management.

How to cite this article
Issue 1 Volume 12 - 2024