Background: Infective endocarditis is a cardiovascular infection resulting from the migration of oropharyngeal bacteria during dental manipulation. It is, however, caused by other factors and conditions not related to dental surgery. As a result, antibiotic prophylaxis is important in dental practice, and this paper would discuss this issue further.
Objectives: We focus in this paper on antibiotics in the perioperative dental condition, and only relevant studies would be discussed.
Methodology: PubMed database was used for articles selection, were papers on dental antibiotics were obtained and reviewed.
Conclusion: In summary, the stance on preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is controversial between the British and American guidelines. While the evidence is divided between giving antibiotic prophylaxis in patients of certain dental interventions, there is also evidence advised against prophylactic antibiotics for any dental procedure. Further research is needed to determine the effect of antibiotics on post-dental procedures’ infective endocarditis and other complications.