2022 Volume 10 Issue 1

Mandibular Distraction with Anterior Dental Implants; A Case Report

Abeer Abdullah S Al-Sunbul1*, Reem Aldhalaan2, Muneera AlHaddab3, Fawzia AlZahrani4

1Restorative consultant, SBRD, Restorative department, Prince Sultan Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. [email protected]

2Restorative consultant, SBRD,Restorative department, Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

3Advanced Educational General Dentistry Specialist, AEGD,Department of dentistry, Prince Abdulrahman Advanced Detnal Institute, PAADI, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

4Consultant Prosthodontics,Prosthodontics department, Prince Sultan Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


ABSTRACT

Mandibular Distraction osteogenesis (MDO) has several advantages, including simpler technology, reducing the Morbidity (e.g., infectious blood loss, surgery time), and the ability of the mandible to lengthen smaller. Poor growth can affect the mandible or specific parts such as the body, branch, condyle, symphysis, and alveolar segments in the three levels. Mandibular hypoplasia is a typical misalignment of the teeth and jawbone that depends on gravity. The combination of orthodontic treatment and surgical intervention may be required for best results.A 19-year-old Saudi female high school student visited the clinics with no significant medical problem or medication history. Past dental history indicated multiple extractions, multiple dental restorations; orthognathic surgery was done five years ago but was failed due to osseous infection. The patient was briefed about the preventive measures needed, the treatment plan was discussed, the time required and cost details were informed. Mandibular distraction with anterior implants provided excellent clinical outcomes and high patient satisfaction.

Key words: Mandibular distraction, Anterior implants, Distraction implant, FPD.


Introduction

Mandibular malformations can be developmental or acquired; however, the reasons are unclear. Sometimes that may be associated with Goldenhar syndrome and hemifacial malformation. Acquired defects may be a premature loss, teething, trauma, ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and infections such as osteomyelitis. Poor growth can affect the mandible or specific parts such as the body, branch, condyle, symphysis, and alveolar segments in the three levels. Mandibular hypoplasia is a typical misalignment of the teeth and jawbone that depends on gravity. The combination of orthodontic treatment and surgical intervention may be required for best results [1, 2].

Mandibular Distraction osteogenesis (MDO) has several advantages, including simpler technology, reducing the Morbidity (e.g., infectious blood loss, surgery time), and the ability of the mandible to lengthen smaller. Successful MDO extended the mandible vertically, increased bone mass, and improved flexibility compared to bone grafts tissue asymmetry, allowing better vector control bone regeneration and associated with less repetition [3, 4].

Literature review

A 28-year-old Asian male was referred for examination of the radiolucent region on the right angle of the mandible. Throughout≥ 5 months, the right mandibular region has increased in size. Marginal resection of the mandible and reduction of the inferior alveolar nerve was operated by an oral surgeon, pursued by reconstruction of the excised mandible by distraction osteogenesis. Six years later, the sufferer developed inflammation at a similar site. Histopathological analysis indicated a recurrence of benign mandibular ameloblastoma. The dental implants were placed after the excision of the recurrent benign tumor. To facilitate regular check-ups and the maintenance of oral hygiene, a treatment plan has been developed which uses removable prostheses on implants instead of fixed prostheses. Treatment of edentulous areas with removable dental and implant-supported prostheses is required. Due to the lack of intermaxillary space, removable restorations are designed so that separate components provide support, support, and stability [5, 6].

The use of MDO to treat a 57-year-old woman with a Class I skeletal angle relationship and a severe Class II dental malocclusion is described, and the current state of knowledge about this treatment modality is discussed. Therefore, the use of MDO to establish a harmonious relationship between the maxillary and mandibular arches in patients with a Class I skeletal angle relationship and a severe class II malocclusion seems predictable and applicable in selected cases [7].

Mandibular osteogenic distraction and tongue-labial adhesions showed an all-around advantage regarding health-relevant excellence of life Robin sequence. No substantial difference was examined between mandibular distraction osteogenesis and lingual labial adhesions. The information helps compare mandibular distraction osteogenesis Lingual adhesions as a surgical treatment by Robin, but studies to record the health-relevant integrity of life on more extensive Robin sequences. The queue is needed to determine which program is ideal for consequence babies [8].

A 22-year-old male was introduced with a bad front bite paired with a 1.3cm front bite. Increase the angle of the maxillary-mandibular plane and increase the height of the lower face. Multidisciplinary therapy uses the segmented mandibular distraction to flatten the curvature of Spee in front of the posterior maxilla of Le Fort I impact [9].

Case-report

History: A 19-year-old Saudi female high school student visited the clinics with no significant medical problem or medication history. Past dental history indicated multiple extractions, multiple dental restorations; orthognathic surgery was done five years ago but was failed due to osseous infection. However, no bleeding tendency was recorded after extraction/surgery. The chief complaint of the patient was to replace her lower missing teeth. Regarding the history of the chief complaint, her mandibular teeth were extracted due to a severe osseous infection following an orthognathic surgery 5 years ago. She was seen in the screening clinic two months before her initial SBARD visit.

Patient overview and examinations: As far as her attitude was concerned, she was an exacting patient according to the House classification. She was cooperative and showed a positive attitude towards improving her oral hygiene as well as diet. Moreover, she was willing to come regularly to her appointments. Regarding her oral hygiene, she did not use a toothbrush or any other cleaning method with her plaque, and the bleeding index is 50.22% and 44% respectively. Extra-oral examination showed the skin, lips, eyes, TMJ, mandibular movements to be within normal limits. Regarding her intra-oral examination, she was at moderate risk as far as generalized caries were concerned, the presence of yellow-brown stains in general, and the existence of generalized supra and subgingival calculus. Her periodontium showed generalized blunt interdental papilla, with swollen rolled edematous margins and bleeding upon probing. Generalized probing depth was 2-3mm with the absence of mobility and furcation involvement (Figures 1a-1e). Radiographs were also taken (Figures 2a-2g).

Occlusion was examined and resulted in Class I skeletal relationship with labially inclined #21 and rotated #22 alongside open-bite in the premolar region. \

a) Lower arch

b) left lateral view