Background: Malocclusion is defined as an improper closure (i.e. contact) of the upper (maxillary) and lower (mandibular) teeth. The resulting misalignment is mostly appropriated during jaw closure when the two dental arches approximate.
Objectives: The literature suggests that clinicians usually overlook malocclusion resulting in unfavorable consequences. It has been shown that occlusal integrity is an important predictor of successful restoration of dental function. Therefore, in this paper, we will review the proper literature discussing
Methodology: We conducted the literature search within the PubMed database using the keywords: “Occlusion” and “Malocclusion” and “Prevalence” and “Types” and “Treatment” with dates from 1990 to 2020.
Review: There are two main categories under which a broad classification of malocclusion can be obtained. This includes intra-arch malocclusion and inter-arch malocclusion. Corrective management of malocclusion is often preferred during the early years of life as it will entail a repair of appropriate occlusion within normal skeletal growth of the body. The management approach of malocclusion is highly dependent on the type of malocclusion.
Conclusion: In conclusion, dental occlusion is a complex and multifactorial condition that extends beyond the physical contact of the biting surface of teeth. The high prevalence of malocclusion requires proper screening by dentists to identify the disease at an early age as management at that young age is associated with favorable outcomes.